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Residential Energy Use in the OECD

Publication Type:

Journal Article


The Energy Journal, Number 6, p.65-85 (1985)



The evolution of residential energy use in OECD countries over the 1970-1982 period is described.^European countries are emphasized but findings for the United States, Canada, and Japan are included also.^The changes in energy consumption are quantified (particularly those that occurred in response to the great price shocks of 1973-1974 and 1979-1981.; the permanency of these changes through 1982 are assessed, and trends through 1983 are forecast on the basis of preliminary data.^This analysis summarizes the results of a continuing project to identify, analyze, and monitor residential energy use in nearly a dozen OECD countries (Canada, Denmark, France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States).^Output of the study includes a data base covering energy use from 1960 through 197.; an update through 198.; and analyses of individual nations as well as an econometric analysis of energy consumption data.^The evolution of oil use and energy use in commercial buildings are also reviewed.