In 2010, the U.S. Advanced Research Projects Agency for Energy (ARPA-E) charged Stanford University's Precourt Energy Efficiency Center and Human Sciences & Technology Advanced Research Institute (H-STAR) with forging effective ways of integrating behavioral science into smart grid technology in order to achieve meaningful energy savings. The Stanford Energy Behavior Initiative involved 19 projects, organized into three categories. To explore the project groups, click on the category links provided below. If you know the particular project you are interested in use the "All Projects" link in the side bar on the left. For summary documents, click here for a table (pdf) and final summary report (pdf).
- Technology. These projects included an extensible energy communications network to enable future innovation in home area networks; a software platform, to enable behavioral programs to be implemented on a large scale; and algorithms to advance energy disaggregation, segmentation, and automation.
- Behavioral interventions. This large set of projects set out to reduce and shift energy use through media (interaction design, social networking, games and feedback interfaces); incentives (behavioral economic programs); and community groups (schools, utility and social organizations).
- Data evaluation and modeling. These projects applied economic and social network analysis to data collected in interventions.
In follow-on work funded by ARPA-E, the Stanford Energy Behavior Initiative is building an application that integrates many of the effective projects to develop a program that will disseminate broadly and achieve significant energy savings. In addition, several of the original projects will be further developed with the additional funds.