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Andreas Schäfer

Andreas Schafer

Andreas Schäfer

Department Affiliation: 
Visiting Professor, University College London

Area of Work:


Current Research:

Andreas W. Schäfer is a Professor of Energy and Transport at the UCL Energy Institute, University College London.  He is also the UCL Energy Institute’s Director of Research and a Visiting Professor at the Precourt Energy Efficiency Center at Stanford University.  He has been a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the Future of Transportation for five years. 

Andreas' publications cover the demand for and supply characteristics of energy and transportation systems.  Examples include econometric models of national, world-regional, and global travel demand, techno-economic assessments of advanced surface and air vehicle technologies, and integrated modeling of the global air transportation system.  In addition to peer review journals, his work was published in popular science magazines, such as Scientific American and American Scientist.  He is lead-author of "Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World", MIT Press (June 2009). 

Prior to joining the UCL Energy Institute, he held appointments at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Cambridge, and Stanford University.  Andreas holds a MSc in Aerospace Engineering and a PhD in Energy Economics, both from the University of Stuttgart, Germany.


Schäfer A., Evans A., Reynolds T.G., Dray L., “The Opportunities and Costs for Fuel Burn Reductions in  U.S. Commercial Air Transportation—An Analysis for Narrow Body Passenger Aircraft”, submitted to Transportation Researxch Part D.

Joutz F., Schäfer A., “Income Distribution Effects on U.S. Air Travel Demand”, submitted to Applied Economics.

Schäfer A., “Long-term Trends in U.S. Passenger Travel: The Past 110 Years and the Next 90”, Transportation, in press.

Schäfer A., Kyle P., Pietzcker R., “Evaluating Energy/Economy/Environment Models with Dynamic Linear Panel Data Models—An Application for the Transportation Sector”, Climatic Change, in press. 

Timmis A., Hodzic A., Koh A. Bonner M., Schäfer A., Dray L., 2015. “Impact assessment of aviation emissions reduction through implementation of composite materials”, International Journal of Lifecycle Assessment 20(2): 233-243.

Schäfer A., Waitz I.A., 2014. “Air Transportation and the Environment”, Transport Policy 34:1-4.

Evans A., Schäfer A., 2014. “Aviation in a Constrained Transportation Network”, Transport Policy 34:5-13.

Dray L., Evans A., Reynolds T., Schäfer A., Vera-Morales M., Bosbach W., 2014. “Airline Fleet Replacement Funded by a Carbon Tax: An Integrated Assessment”, Transport Policy 34:75-84.

Gucwa M., Schäfer A., 2013. “The Impact of Scale on Energy Intensity in Freight Transportation”, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 23:41-49.

Evans A., Schäfer A., 2013. “The Rebound Effect in the Aviation Sector”, Energy Economics, 36:158–165

Schäfer A., Introducing Behavioral Change in Transportation into Energy/Economy/Environment Models, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 6234, October 2012.

Dray L.M., Schäfer A., Ben-Akiva M.E., 2012. Technology Limits for Reducing EU Transport Sector CO2 Emissions. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(9): 4734–4741. doi: 10.1021/es204301z

Andreas Schafer book

Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World
Andreas Schäfer, John B. Heywood, Henry D. Jacoby and Ian A. Waitz
Cloth / June 2009
A discussion of the opportunities and challenges involved in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from passenger travel.

Schäfer A., Jacoby H.D., Heywood J.B., Waitz I.A., 2009. "The Other Climate Threat: Transportation", American Scientist, November-December, pp. 476–483. 

Schäfer A., Heywood J.B., Jacoby H.D., Waitz I.A., 2009. Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World, MIT Press. 

Schäfer A., 2006, "Long-Term Trends in Global Passenger Mobility", The Bridge, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., Vol. 36, pp. 24-32.

Schäfer A., Heywood J.B., Weiss M.A., 2006, "Future Fuel Cell and Internal Combustion Engine Automobile Technologies: A 25 Year Life-Cycle and Fleet Impact Assessment", Energy—The International Journal, 31(12): 1728-1751.

Schäfer A., Jacoby H.D., 2006, "Vehicle Technology Dynamics under CO2-Constraint: A General Equilibrium Analysis", Energy Policy, 34(9): 975-985.

Schäfer A., Jacoby H.D., 2005, "Technology Detail in a Multi-Sector CGE Model: Transport under Climate Policy", Energy Economics, 27(1): 1-24. 

Schäfer A., 2005, "Structural Change in Energy Use", Energy Policy, 33(4): 429-437. 

Jamin S., Schäfer A., Ben-Akiva M.E., Waitz I.A., 2004, "Aviation Emissions and Abatement Policies in the United States: A City Pair Analysis", Transportation Research D, 9(4): 294-314.

Greene D.L., Schäfer A., 2003. Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from U.S. Transportation, Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, May 2003, Arlington, VA.

Lee J.J., Lukachko S.P., Waitz I.A., Schäfer A., 2001, "Historical and Future Trends in Aircraft Performance, Cost, and Emissions", Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 2001, 26: 167-200.

Schäfer A., 2000, "Regularities in Travel Demand: An International Perspective", invited paper in: Journal of Transportation and Statistics, Vol. 3(3): 1-32.

Schäfer A., Victor D.G., 2000, "The Future Mobility of the World Population", Transportation Research A, 34(3): 171-205.  Also published in: L.Lundqvist, K.Button, P.Nijkamp, 2003, The Automobile - Classics in Transport Analysis 7, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.

Weiss M.A., Heywood J.B., Drake E.M., Schäfer A., AuYeung F., 2000. On the Road in 2020: A Well-to-Wheels Assessment on new Passenger Car Technologies, MIT Energy Laboratory, October 2000.

Schäfer A., Victor D.G., 1999, "Global Passenger Travel: Implications for CO2-Emissions", Energy—The International Journal 24(8): 657-679. 

Schäfer A., 1998, "The Global Demand for Motorized Mobility", Transportation Research A, 32(6): 455-477.

Schäfer A., Victor D.G., 1997. "The Past and Future of Global Mobility", Scientific American, October 1997, pp. 56–59.