Energy policy modeling has expanded over the last thirty years, with increases in the number, variety, and sophistication of the existing energy policy models. And that field continues to grow in importance. At Stanford, the Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) provides a locus for examining many of these models and using them to analyze energy policy and planning issues. Professor John Weyant and Hillard Huntington of the EMF bring a wealth of knowledge about the existing energy policy models, models developed not only in the U.S., but throughout the world. We anticipate that PEEC and the EMF will actively collaborate, particularly in examining energy demand modules and representing energy demand technology in these energy policy models. This will also enable the implications of ideas and innovations developed elsewhere in the project to be implemented at national and international scales very rapidly. The emergence of a new class of global models with significant energy end-use detail should greatly facilitate this process.
To examine the trade-offs and synergies between energy supply and energy demand technologies, the technology assessment work done by GCEP will be extended to advanced end-use energy technologies. The GCEP PI network, especially the PIs working on advanced combustion, biofuels and electro-chemistry (relevant for batteries, fuel cells, and solar cells) will be extremely valuable.
In addition, Lawrence Goulder has developed a computable general equilibrium model of the U.S. economy that includes particular emphasis on energy issues. The model examines the impact of national policies to encourage energy conservation or promote new energy technologies, such as a U.S. cap-and-trade system applied to the use of fossil energy.