Stanford is particularly well-suited for this endeavor for several additional reasons. First, many individuals at Stanford have been developing work on behavior and energy feedback for close to a year; for example, work has been conducted through a PEEC and Woods Institute grant awarded to eight faculty, as well as pilot design projects that were supervised by Banerjee and commissioned by a major utility. Second, Stanford is a leader in behavior and energy research in general, and in behavior and electricity feedback work in particular. Specifically, PEEC, with Armel's guidance, organized two energy feedback and behavior change workshops in 2008-2009, specializes in applying behavioral science research to reducing real world energy use, and co-convenes the annual Behavior, Energy, and Climate Change Conference. Third, the newly founded Precourt Institute for Energy (PIE) signifies Stanford's commitment to being one of the world's leading energy research institutions, thereby affording many opportunities for behavioral scientists to develop integrated energy solutions. Furthermore, the investigators on this proposal either head or play a central role in the organizations listed below.
The HSTAR Institute. H-STAR, the Human-Sciences and Technologies Advanced Research Institute, is a Stanford interdisciplinary research center focusing on people and technology — how people use technology, how to better design technology to make it more usable (and more competitive in the marketplace), how technology affects people's lives, and the innovative use of technologies in research, education, art, business, commerce, entertainment, communication, national security, and other walks of life. Centered in Cordura Hall, and augmented with the offices and meeting facilities of affiliated faculty and research labs, H-STAR provides office, conference and meeting spaces for the project team's meetings.
Among the large, complex, global problems that are at the heart of the H-STAR research agendas are:
Reducing complexity of technology to enable its universal uses for work, learning and other vital sectors of life
Closing digital divides across class, race, gender, age and nations, so that access to and fluencies with technologies can provide equal opportunities to learn and work productively for personal and societal well-being
Accelerating innovation in the creation and diffusion of products and services that better meet human needs
Solving security and trust problems of computing, communications, and information systems at home, work and in governmental affairs
Ensuring pervasive safety and health of people over the lifespan with human-centered technology innovations
H-STAR pursues its mission in a number of ways, all built on our the belief in the power of collaboration: H-STAR organizes interdisciplinary grants, contracts, and other funding opportunities; H-STAR brings together faculty to work collaboratively on projects — both across the campus and in collaboration with faculty at other universities around the world; and H-STAR organizes events such as lectures, small seminars, workshops and conferences, sometimes through our Media X program.
Because the problems on which H-STAR focuses are generally extremely broad, requiring the expertise of many different disciplines, H-STAR is not built on a fixed membership model. All Stanford faculty are eligible to participate in H-STAR supported research, as are faculty from universities anywhere in the world. Within H-STAR are several programs, including an interdisciplinary center that focuses on a particular subset of H-STAR topics, SCIL (the Stanford Center for Innovations in Learning), and an industry partners program, Media X.
Precourt Energy Efficiency Center. The mission of the Precourt Center is to promote energy efficient technologies, systems, and practices, emphasizing economically attractive deployment. PEEC works to understand and overcome market, policy, technology, and human behavioral barriers to economically efficient reductions of energy use and to inform public and private policymaking. Energy Efficiency is vital for the U.S. and world economy, for environmental protection, and for energy security.
The Precourt Institute is housed in the Y2E2 Building. Stanford University's new Jerry Yang and Akiko Yamazaki Environment and Energy Building functions as a virtual living laboratory for training students about solar energy and green building technologies. It provides office, conference and meeting spaces for the project team's meetings.
Stanford Center for Design Research. The Stanford Center for Design Research is a community of scholars focused on understanding and augmenting engineering design innovation and design education. Their building facilities provide office, conference and meeting spaces for the project team's meetings. The staff and researchers are dedicated to facilitating individual creativity, understanding the team design process, and developing advanced tools and methods that promote superior design and manufacturing of products.
The affiliated research labs that comprise the Center for Design Research develop concepts and technical solutions for design thinking, concurrent engineering, distributed collaborative design, and design knowledge capture, indexing and re-use. These explorations focus on methods and tools for improving the design of specific engineering systems, with research in structural integrity evaluation and system modeling, virtual design environments, biomimetic robots, haptic controls and telemanipulation, vehicle dynamics, and driver assistance systems.
The Stanford Center for Design Research and the Stanford Design Program utilize the Stanford Design Center. The Stanford Design Program is a joint program between the Mechanical Engineering Department and the Art Department and attracts students with diverse undergraduate degrees ranging from Aerospace engineering to cognitive psychology. The Design School offers multi-disciplinary team based courses in Design Thinking. These institutions are considered as the leading place where design methodology is being used for strategic initiatives. The Design for Change Center is a trans-disciplinary and multi-entity body that is conducting research on behavior change in energy, diffusion rates of sustainability related innovation, and generating new techno-social paradigms.
The Design School's community culture and personality are strongly embodied by its environment. As one walks around the Design School, one notices modularity and adaptability. Most things are on casters so they can be readily repositioned. The walls are populated with whiteboards and other surfaces for capturing and sharing ideas. Informal team meeting spots abound, and more formal meeting rooms are abundant as well. As collaborators learn exactly what makes design thinkers tick, the community is making and testing big plans for the move into the Design Center's future home, the Peterson building.
Stanford Prevention Research Center. The Stanford Prevention Research Center provides office, conference and meeting spaces for the project team's meetings. The Stanford Prevention Research Center (SPRC) has access to the full-service Clinical Laboratory of Stanford Hospital and Clinics and Packard Children's Hospital. This laboratory participates in the NHLBI-CDC lipoprotein standardization program, which was established during the Lipid Research Clinics study. All standard and many advanced laboratory methods are available in this resource.
Clinical: The 4500 sq. ft. SPRC Clinical Research Facility includes a reception area, 11 exam/procedure rooms, 4 interview rooms, 4 anthropometry stations (balance-beam scales, and two Harpenden stadiometers), standard medical clinic equipment, separate phlebotomy and blood handling rooms, treadmill and bicycle ergometers, electrocardiographs, oxygen consumption apparatus, an Agilent SONOS 5500 ultrasound machine for flow-mediated vasodilation and carotid studies, and a Hologic QDR – 2000 dual-energy xray absorptiometer (DEXA) for body composition and bone density measures.
Computer: The SPRC is in the Stanford University Medical Center (SUMC) network, which is compliant with HIPAA requirements and operates behind a firewall. Access to the Internet electronic mail and secure file exchange is provided. SPRC investigators can access several secure servers and an array of statistical and other software provided by Stanford under site licenses; the SPRC provides on-site computer support and daily backup.
Office: The SPRC is housed in 20,000 sq. ft. located in the SUMC and at 1070 Arastradero Road in Palo Alto. In addition to the clinic, this space includes faculty, staff, and administrative offices and conference rooms.
Other: The full resources of Stanford University are available to support research, including a 350,000 volume, 3000 journal medical library, advanced information technology, complete financial, administrative, and human resources support, a 611-bed University Hospital and a 206- bed Pediatrics hospital, an outpatient clinic providing over 600,000 patient visits annually, a General Clinical Research Center (10 beds, 2 outpatient suites, dietary kitchen, laboratory, office space in 5573 sq. ft.), and a faculty, research staff, and student body with nationally recognized achievements in research. The SPRC Health Promotion Resource Center provides technical advice to worksites, communities, and other groups who are developing health education programs. Its materials are designed for both individual users and for health professionals and are largely the products of SPRC programs conducted over the last 20 years, providing dissemination for our work.
Stanford Center for Integrated Facility Engineering. The CIFE mission is to be the world's premier academic research center for Virtual Design and Construction of Architecture - Engineering - Construction (AEC) industry projects. Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) is the use of multi-disciplinary performance models of design-construction projects, including the Product (i.e., facilities), Work Processes and Organization of the design - construction - operation team in order to support business objectives.
The theoretical basis of VDC includes:
Engineering modeling methods: product, organization, process
Analysis methods (model-based): including schedule, cost, 4D interactions and process risks
Business metrics and focus on strategic management
Economic Impact analysis (i.e., models of both the cost and value of capital investments)
Specifically, CIFE objectives include:
Research - to develop and test innovative new ways to model, visualize, analyze and evaluate the multidisciplinary performance of design-construction projects, and
Education - to increase awareness of the value and costs of Virtual Design and Construction for practitioners and Stanford students.